The Matilda effect is a bias against acknowledging the achievements of women scientists and the attribution of their work to their male colleagues. The term was coined by science historian Margaret Rossiter, who began studying the history of women in science while a grad student at Yale in 1969. After asking her professors whether there were ever women scientists, she was told no. Even Marie Curie, a two-time winner of the Nobel Prize, was dismissed as her husband’s helper by her professors.
While some of these women may be more well-known now, many went unrecognized throughout their entire lives for groundbreaking work that was credited to men.
How many of these women did you recognize?